Varicose veins of the genital organs are common in both men and women. This disease can affect the penis, uterus, testicles, perineum, labia, and vulva. The ongoing pathological developments not only adversely affect the internal health but also affect the psychological state of the patient.
Varicose veins in women
According to statistics, such a pathology in women most often occurs on the labia. The first signs of the disease are general health deterioration, affecting sex life.
There are several causes of varicose veins in women:
- Congenital or acquired vascular insufficiency. Varicose veins can form due to heavy exertion, chronic diseases of the pelvic organs or obesity.
- The use of hormonal drugs, including contraceptives.
- Pregnancy. With each subsequent pregnancy, the risk of varicose veins in the female genitals increases.
The presence of genital varicose veins is evidenced by such symptoms as the appearance of "asterisks" or nodules on the veins in the intimate area. The skin in this area becomes dry and sensitive. In some women, pigment formation on the labia is accompanied by varicose veins. The hallmark of the disease is that the labia begin to enlarge, form swelling, which leads to their deformity. It can increase as one labia, and at the same time two. As the disease progresses, women begin to experience pain and itching.
Among the risk group for the disease are women with varicose veins of the legs.
As for pregnant women, the phenomenon of varicose veins of the genitals occurs due to rapid weight gain, increased physical activity and pressure of the large uterus on the veins. Strong fetal pressure on the pelvic organs can cause varicose veins. When capillaries burst, which is extremely rare, a woman experiences light bleeding.
It is worth noting that during pregnancy, disease does not have any ill effect on it.
If the cause of varicose veins of the genitals is pregnancy, then the disease will clear up on its own a few months after childbirth. The main condition for recovery in such a situation is the exclusion of strenuous exercise and control of body weight.
Varicose veins of the male genital organs
Male genitalia are equally susceptible to this disease. Veins located superficially on healthy male genitalia are no more than 3-4 mm in diameter. The most common diagnosis is varicocele, i. e. testicular varicose veins.
The cause of the pathology in most cases is related to a man's lifestyle, but in some cases it can occur due to circumstances beyond a person's control.
The main causes of varicose veins in the genitals in men include:
- Damage to the genitals.
- Presence of benign or malignant tumors.
- Prolonged bladder overload leads to pressure on organs.
- Previous surgical interventions on pelvic organs.
- A long and frequent independent delay in ejaculation.
- The use of different drugs, such as anesthetics, helps prolong the duration of sexual intercourse.
- Consequences of infectious diseases of the genital organs.
A man may suspect the presence of varicose veins if nodules of different sizes form under his skin on the vessels. In addition, there is discomfort and tingling during intercourse. In an excited state, the veins swell, and their density increases significantly.
Against the background of such changes, blood stagnation occurs. With varicose veins, the scrotum is characterized by an increase with a change in color. Further development of the disease will lead to infertility, as the accumulation of blood causes overheating of the sperm.
Treatment of varicose veins of the genital organs in women and men
When suffering from the disease during childbirth, a woman is advised not to over-exercise and wear compression underwear. In case the disease is advanced and causes discomfort for the expectant mother, the mother will be prescribed pain relievers, hemostatic drugs and antiseptics. All drugs and their dosages are prescribed by a doctor. Attempts to self-treat can harm a baby's intrauterine development.
In all other cases, the method of treatment is chosen by the doctor, based on the cause of the varicose veins. Surgical intervention is indicated in cases where conservative treatments do not give the desired results or are considered inappropriate.
Modern treatments for genital varicose veins are performed using varicose vein ablation, as well as radiofrequency and laser coagulation.
In men, this pathological process is eliminated by conservative treatment due to temporary abstinence from sexual intercourse. In addition, pain relievers, anti-inflammatory (nonsteroidal) drugs, and anticoagulants are also prescribed.
Surgical treatment is performed by alloy suturing, excision or performing surgical resection of the tumor.